Le Présent: The Simple Present in French

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
It's time for some French teaching! It is very important to learn the present tense in French in order to become a fluent speaker. Here is a short lesson and some free worksheets to practice!

Time for some French Teaching!

The Present Tense in French: What is Le présent de l’indicatif?

Le présent is the present tense in French, and it is crucial to learn in order to understand French grammar. The present tense in French, similarly to English, is used to describe actions that are ongoing in the present. To understand the present tense, follow along our short lesson and use our free French beginner worksheets to practice!

When to use the present tense in French:

The French present tense is used when talking about:

  • Ongoing actions in the present
    • “Je mange” – I am eating
  • Habitual actions (daily habits or common occurrences)
    • “Elle rit toujours.” – She is always laughing 
  • Facts or general truths
    • “Le train vient tous les jours.” – The train comes everyday.
  • Events happening in the near future
    • “Je vais à l’école demain.” – I am going to school tomorrow.

Want to continue practicing your French grammar?

Join our virtual French Conjugation and Grammar Classes today!

How to Conjugate The Present Tense in French:

To conjugate a regular verb in the present tense in French grammar, you will replace their infinitive ending with the following:

Does it end in –er? Yes! Then you have to conjugate using the same endings as the verb aimer.

Does it end in –ir? Yes! Then you have to conjugate using the same endings as the verb finir.

But Wait!!! Some verbs in –ir are not conjugated like the verb finir. To know which one do not belong to this category ask yourself whether or not you can end the verb in –issons at the 1st person singular.

Ex: nourrir- nous nourrissons = same conjugation as the verb finir

Courir-nous courissons  = does not conjugate like the verb finir. This verb is therefore part of the 3rd category.

 

1st group verbs ending in -er (verbs like aimer)

2nd group verbs ending in -ir

(verbs like finir)

3rd group other verbs

Je

aim-e

Fin-is

cour-s

Tu

aim-es

Fin-is

cour-s

Il/elle/on

aim-e

Fin-it

cour-t

Nous

aim-ons

Fin-issons

cour-ons

Vous

aim-ez

Fin-issez

cour-ez

Ils/elles

aim-ent

Fin-issent

cour-ent

How to Conjugate Irregular Verbs in French Present Tense:

Here are some exceptions that you can encounter. The radicals and endings of these verbs change.

Avoir:

J’ai 

Tu as

Il/Elle/On a

Nous avons

Vous avez

Ils/Elles ont

Être:

Je suis

Tu es

Il/Elle/On est

Nous êtons

Vous êtes

Ils/Elles sont

Savoir:

Je sais

Tu sais

Il/Elle/On sait

Nous savons

Vous savez

Ils/Elles savent

Aller:

Je vais

Tu vas

Il/Elle/On va

Nous allons

Vous allez

Ils/Elles allons

Faire:

Je fais

Tu fais

Il/Elle/On fait

Nous faisons

Vous faites

Ils/Elles font

 

 

 

aller

faire

avoir

être

savoir

Je

vais

fais

ai

suis

sais

Tu

vas

fais

as

es

sais

Il/elle/on

va

fait

a

est

sait

Nous

allons

faisons

avons

sommes

savons

Vous

allez

faites

avez

êtes

savez

Ils/elles

allons

font

ont

sont

savent

That’s the present tense! If you have any questions or suggestions for future Free grammar blogs, feel free to leave it in the comments and we will reply as soon as possible!

Need Practice? Check out our Free Printable Beginner French Worksheets:

Now that you have learned how to use the present tense in French grammar, it is time to practice! Our team has created some free printable French online worksheets for you to boost your French grammar skills!

Present Tense Worksheet

Present Tense Worksheet 2

Pascale Tremblay

Pascale Tremblay

Pascale is a tutor and instructor at Brouillet Academy. She is a native French speaker with years of French Education experience.

Leave a Reply

Hmm...it looks like we could not save your information, please try again.
Welcome To The Family!

Subscribe

Recent Posts

Follow Us!

English (Canada)