-ER Verbs Conjugation in French

Want to learn how to conjugate -ER verbs in French? Follow along our lesson and practice with our free printable worksheets!
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-ER Verbs in French

When conjugating verbs in French, we have to follow specific rules.

First, you have to identify in which group the verb belongs. The groups are divided in the following categories:

  • The 1st group are the verbs ending in the letters -er in the infinitive form
  • The 2nd group are all of the verbs ending in -ir in the infinitive form
  • The 3rd group are those verbs who don’t belong to the first two groups, also known as irregular verbs. These verbs change both the radical and ending.

Most verbs in French end in -ER and belong to the first group.

Once you have identified which group your verb belongs to, you have to find its subject. Once you have determined the subject of the verb, you will know which pronoun ending to use.  

-ER Conjugation Tip: The verb to love (aimer) is the model of all the -er verbs.

How to Conjugate -ER verbs in French

Pronouns

Imparfait

Passé composé

Présent

Futur proche

Futur simple

Je (I)

aimais

ai aimé

aime

vais aimer

aimerai

Tu (you)

aimais

as aimé

aimes

vas aimer

aimeras

Il/elle/on

(He/she/ it/ we)

aimait

a aimé

aime

va aimer

aimera

Nous (we)

aimions

avons aimé

aimons

allons aimer

aimerons

Vous (you)

aimiez

avez aimé

aimez

allez aimer

aimerez

Ils/elles (they)

aimaient

ont aimé

aiment

vont aimer

aimeront

Pronouns

Présent

Futur proche

Futur simple

Je (I)

aime

vais aimer

aimerai

Tu (you)

aimes

vas aimer

aimeras

Il/elle/on

(He/she/ it/ we)

aime

va aimer

aimera

Nous (we)

aimons

allons aimer

aimerons

Vous (you)

aimez

allez aimer

aimerez

Ils/elles (they)

aiment

vont aimer

aimeront

Pronouns

Imparfait

Passé composé

Je (I)

aimais

ai aimé

Tu (you)

aimais

as aimé

Il/elle/on

(He/she/ it/ we)

aimait

a aimé

Nous (we)

aimions

avons aimé

Vous (you)

aimiez

avez aimé

Ils/elles (they)

aimaient

ont aimé

Conjugate -ER verbs in French: Irregular Verbs and Other Irregularities

1. manger takes an -e before the -ons and commencer takes a -ç before the -ons at the 1st person plural to keep the appropriate pronunciation.

Example: Nous mangeons; Nous commençons

2. At the passé composé, some verbs need the auxiliary verb to be ( être) instead of the auxiliary verb to have (avoir).

3. When using the auxiliary verb être, the past participle takes the genre and the number of the subject. 

Example: Elles sont tombées

Irregular -ER Verbs in French

Although the verb aller ends in -er, it does not belong to the first group. Because both its ending and its radical change, it is considered an irregular verb.

Here is a list of some of the most common -er verbs:

  1. Parler (to talk)
  2. Demander (to ask)
  3. Trouver (to find)
  4. Manger ( to eat)
  5. Rester (to stay)
  6. Porter (to wear)
  7. Montrer (to show)
  8. Penser (to think)
  9. Passer (to pass)
  10. Commencer (to start)
  11. Jouer ( to play)
  12. Travailler (to work)
  13. Regarder (to look)
  14. Écouter (to listen) 

Printable Grammar Worksheets: -ER Verb Conjugation in French

Now that you have learned about the conjugation of the -er verbs, you can test your knowledge with the following worksheets.

Worksheet 1

Worksheet 2

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